Friday, December 12, 2014

Breaking India

Breaking India is important to understand modern Indian influences. Rajeev had researched it as formal subject, crucial work if Hinduism needs to survive.

You know - The German Lutheran Church is attacking India the most. [I had cheered the German team last month, my bad.] Mormon, Baptists are involved. Joshua project was mentioned.

 US Commission for religious freedom, set up by Bill Clinton,  are involved. Bill Clinton mentions this act only once in his book. Rajiv interprets it as give away to religious right.

  • USA puts India with category of Pakisthan, Saudi Arabia etc through this act. 
  • An Unfair methodology is used to bring in people from Joshua project, lutheran church to put pressure on India.
  • Christians, Jews, Muslims run this comission for religious freedom. Christian extremists such as chairman of world vision are nominated to this commission. Hindus are not there in this commission.
  • Reinterpretation of Tamil Classics since late 18th century.
  • Redefining the original culture for Tamil - conversion is going to original.
  • Bringing together Dravidian/Dalit identities as a major project of church.
  • These propaganda is spread widely.
  • Systematic media management - Christian media network.( 32 mins)
  • Nexus of leftist and Rights - For India they are same. Left work with Christians to condemn India. Ford Foundation and church ( 36 min) fund same things in India.
Consequences is assault on Sanskrit, Hindu.

  Intellectuals challenge : Redefine minority.
  Debate on Church hierarchy and minority.

Tuesday, December 9, 2014

Sanskrit and Sanskruti - Breaking the bridge

An excellent article on Sanskrit Phobia. Many European scholars observed, correctly, it is at the heart of India .

Did Arabs know sanskrit before 500 CE ? Did some Europeans knew before 1 CE ?

It is documented however, William Jones knew it in 1786 . "In 1794 the first chair of Sanskrit in Europe was established in Copenhagen. In 1808, Schlegel’s university had replaced Hebrew and Arabic with Sanskrit. Sanskrit was introduced into every major European university between 1800 and 1850 and overshadowed other classical languages which were often downsized to make way for Sanskrit positions."
 "Most of the famous European minds of the 19th century, by their own testimony, were either Sanskritists, or were greatly shaped by Sanskrit literature and thought by their own testimony"

Since then it has contributed to creation of a number of western subjects.  Such created subjects as well as more have attacked Sanksrit, Samskruti for more than two centuries :

"Every successive passing fashion in the Anglo-American school has been dutifully applied to the Indian literary reality – Leavisian Moral, New Criticism, Structuralism, Post-structuralism, Semiotics and Deconstruction, Postmodernism, Psychoanalytic, Feminist, Marxist, New Historicism, Cultural Materialism, Stylistics. Each successive framework has been found to be a perfect fit for the malleable Indian reality, without any modification or adaptation!"

It was the Mughals before the british, Sankrist universities were destroyed for 500 years before British.

Wednesday, November 5, 2014

The Platform is not Nirvana

I opened facebook, searched for a common name. It returned a ugly explicit picture.  If our society was more involved, somebody probably had complained about it and removed.

 On the subject of platform,

The Platform is not complete, context free to describe 'facebook age', its measure, compliments deficiencies are missing.

  Counter argument :
     Platform provides new relationships in a way that was not possible. Quality of relations though questionable for an odd man, probably works great for campus communities and others.

Khilafat Movment and Pickthall

Khilafat movement is important political discourse in pre-independent India.

For many, the demand for Khilafat has  been a mystery. Many muslim leaders working for nationalist cause with MK Gandhi, and it was real. Many muslims in India had retained a lot of  hindu culture of their ancestors. So there was a strong chance for a peaceful future of India  in the context of Indian  culture.

As far as Congress was  concerned,  Khilafat can't be a nationalistic  perception, as such away from the  nation in turkey. The thing was viewed partisan and divisive in nationalist context. MK Gandhi tried to accommodate it to gain support of muslims.  Such diversion of focus to affairs in turkey probably was viewed as an islamic solidarity.

  It can be as well be seen as symptom of of  brewing   pan islamic ideology.

 Multiple people associated with London were involved in this movement, including Jinnah. One influential was Marmaduke Pickthall - A white british citizen who had converted to Islam. Pickthall was a novelist, with good reputation among the elite authors of London, including EM Foster. Pickthall  was also a journalist and was quite influential . He was an ally of Ottoman Empire.

  Whether this alliance with Ottoman empire was instrumental for Indian Khilafat movement or it is a pointer in the direction ? Pickthall  had lived in India during british rule for about 15 years.

  Muslim league  became more influential in 1930s.  What was influence of Pickthall   during these years ? A British citizen, converting to islam would carry double contempt for Indian hindus.  Pickthall    was not only British, he was an influential and well versed with contemporary literary practices of his time. That makes him interesting on his influence in Indian independence movement.

Thursday, October 30, 2014

Islam - Materialism and literary criticism

Following the beastly and demonic actions upon Yazidis, there has been a debate in USA and international media on Islam.

It shows that modern critical branches have been used in modern times to supported literary interpretation of islam, and in other cases explain away the violence by pointing historical and geographical issues :

1-Apologists :  'Scholars'  like Reza Aslan using marxist methods, argue Islam as a doctrine is reflective of the political and pre-existing tribal/cultural conditions or tribal culture that reflects  the violence.

However - 
2- ?   (1)  direct verses are actually available in Islam for murder of infidels. (2) There are movements to take it literally. ISIS does it. An alternate view from an Iraqi politician/former MP.

3-Muslim Brotherhood:  Aly Salem discusses   influence of Sayyed Qutb - "principal theorist of the Muslim Brotherhood". To quote him " It is not an exaggeration to say that Qutb is to Islamism what Karl Marx is to communism."

Mr Sayyed Qutb uses Western-style literary criticism to reject many of the philosophies and ideas ( "Greek empiricism and liberal democracy to socialism, Persian poetry and Hegelian philosophy" ) that has influenced others to various degrees.

With  series of wars, violence over thousands of years, disintegrated cultures in colonial periods ,  lack of education, lack diverse political experience, one would expect some skepticism and lot more diversity in islam. However the crisp and clear focus of Islamic movements  - some are so good that it has been acceptable to liberal west - belies that expectation.

   Thus it has been suspected that that there has been reliance on/validation through  concepts/blocks popularized elsewhere to create a 20th century worldview. Some of the concepts of this world viewcould be  as following :

   (3-1)  Emphasis on People of Book - "but this doesn't apply to people of Book" - A frequent argument to rebut some of violent verses, This argument also appeals to western identity - who are people of book.
     Similarities : During the colonial era,  One book/ following a book/Prophets  etc were considered foundational characteristics of religion by many, thus people of book has been used as a western argument with cultural appeals to order, empire  and ...(humility ?).

     For alternatives, it is possible to be  people of rationals, experiments, skeptics, People of tradition, nationality, shrine, principle. People of  Dhamma, Sangha(organization as in Buddhist monastery) etc.

   (3-2) Attitude towards law and Philosophy - So much political demand for separate Sharia law,  aspects of enforcement, while drawing almost blank of philosophy,creativity and expression.[ex: rejection of persian poetry as  mentioned by Aly Salem, Taliban banning music etc]

       3-2-1 Similarities-1 : Imposition of law and control, even by violent means is practiced in variants of marxism, such as Maoism. Implementing a set of laws through activisim has been popular in maoism, the understanding and questioning is discouraged through doctrine.

      3-2-2 Similarities-2 : Critical concepts (1) Brotherhood/Comrade/Fraternity/Communities as franchises (2) Goal of Political power (3) Law  (4) Armed Revolution  etc are foundational concepts of many other political movements, accompanied by rejection of  introspection, individuality, philosophical criticism.

     Thus, Rejection of Hegelian philosophy is opportunistic, modern Islamism likely to burrow or validate key elements  from systems influenced by Hagel, such as the Hegelian left to construct 20th century worldview .

Monday, October 27, 2014

Ebola owned by US Govt

Composition of Ebola virus is owned by ...USA govt ! 

Tuesday, October 14, 2014

Monotheism : An Hindu perspective and criticism

The Yzidi are "polytheist".  That is enough to bring primal horrors onto  these people.
Otherwise 'monotheisim' is a profound brand, people associate absurd value judgement with it .

The argument here, for worship of god, mono-theisim, two-theism is totally irrelevant and distraction.

1. One -  Colonial Context, 19th century Issue :

 The 'One' has been sought in counting prophets, holy books. The highly influential Max Mueller counted prophets/holy books etc to  classify Hindus with Jews in 19th century.  He put Islam, Christianity and Buddhism in a separate category.

 This classification later altered, instead of prophet requirement, One god was considered desirble, the jews flipped into the christian/muslim column as monotheists.

  Other than the prophet and god, race and nation have also fascination with the 'One' .

   Backed by empire, Oil Kingdoms and enterprising...the count of gods - number one - became a profound brand  in modern times.

2. The Human Issue of Number One:

      Cultural impact in India is profound.  While the 'One' was found in places like Pakisthan (Religion), Pre world war Germany ( Aryan), India suffered from the lack of a 'One' .   Reformers are acting hard to rectify the situation :  to make it 'One' .  For example,  Many popular groups have removed Hindu gods from the temples,  some have Prophet/Avatar is installed in new  temples and is worshiped.

    And then there are people who are obstacles to the One -  starting with most of traditional India.  Most of it won't survive much longer.

    Therefore, it requires an answer why monotheism is basically irrelevant and an explanation of Hindu view.

 3.Why Hindus considered monotheism /two-theism as irrelevant:

  It looks obvious the Brahmins of old villages and forests didn't make a big issue of counting One. However as philosophers and practitioners of numbers since few millenniums ,  how did they view this subject of one god ?

   I must add this is not an debate to be won in the Bazaar. The least it should show, the issue is more complex than an mob assertion of   'one' is better than, say, many  numbers from  one to  nine.

    Getting to numbers,  0, 1,2,3 are just points representing different values - except value of zero is not obvious.  Assume,  monotheists don't worship the value associated 'One'.  Here 'One' is a position, characteristically similar to 'two' which is a position. So  characteristically, 'one' is a 'lot' similar to the two.  When worshiping the 'one' is possible, worshiping the 'two' should be highly possible - characteristically one and two represents positions .mono-theism should be close to  two-theism .  If it sounds odd, this monotheism, polytheism is indeed an odd way to look at it.

      Now, One is a  whole number with certain extra properties.  This gives some space for special importance to one. However we will see that, by making 0 as the first digit,  One doesn't look so special.. So the details of  one are ignored for now.

    One may appear special, but when you look all, minimum it is paired with one more in a binary system - the zero.  At first sight, zero  indeed appears valueless.  But in hindu system, this zero exists, it doesn't have a obvious value, that doesn't mean that Zero lacks any value to be useless. It is obvious in indirect ways.  It can be viewed as a special  whole number, it is placed before one [0,1,...9].   The implication -  by addition of zero, 'one' is no more as unique as it appears at first sight. By adding Zero, it shows a  more complex and philosophical picture. By philosophical discussion, deep meditation and scriptural interpretation, religious worship of cosmic existence of un-manifested  Zero is followed in Hinduism. Same for Buddhism in terms of zero.

 So far we far we have seen,  'one' doesn't  start  it  once zero is recognized. In hindu system, there is a inter-ply between zero and others, including the 'One' . 'One' is not assumed independent, unique.   Therefore there has been no fixation with 'One' in orthodox hinduism . That doesn't mean that hinduism was ignorant of 'One' , 'two', 'three' . The point is orthodox hinduism  never forgot to start with zero.

There is a close concept in hinduism, it is not part of the number system, the adwita , many bring in the irrelevant argument that adwita  implies Hinduism is monotheism.  This misses the point ,  'One' doesn't uniquely describe the god.  One as itself is no so fundamental. There is an interplay between numbers, and then engima of  Zero .  People miss the totality when they are obsessed with the 'One' - because 'One'  doesn't represent god  any significantly differently that 'two' represents.

                                 * OM Ganeshaya Namah *